SRINAGAR, February 15: National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), a poverty alleviation project implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India focuses on promoting self-employment and organizing rural people particularly poor. The basic idea of this program is to organize the poor into self-help groups (SHGs) and make them capable of self-employment.
In Jammu and Kashmir, this program is implemented as the Jammu and Kashmir State Rural Livelihood Mission (JKSRLM).
The SRLM aims to reduce poverty in J&K by building strong grassroots institutions for the poor, engaging them in income-generating interventions, and ensuring significant improvement in their incomes on a sustainable basis. This program also aims to enable the poor to think positively of themselves and their families and reap all the benefits of government programs that ultimately help them live a life full of contentment, happiness and dignity.
JKSRLM’s mandate is to reach 66% of the rural population across the 125 blocks of Jammu and Kashmir and provide them with sustainable livelihood opportunities and nurture them to lift them out of poverty and enjoy an honorable quality of life. The core values that guide all JKSRLM activities are inclusion of the poorest and substantial role of the poorest in the whole process, transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions, ownership and key role of the poor and of their institutions at all stages – planning, implementation and monitoring and finally the autonomy and self-reliance of the community.
At J&K, there are a number of ongoing projects under JKSRLM in which Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) and the Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP) are making remarkable progress.
MKSP is a sub-component of Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM), with the aim of empowering women in agriculture. Its goal is to empower smallholder farmers through the promotion of sustainable farming practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CSMA), Pesticide Free Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for home-based animal care services and sustainable regeneration. and Harvesting of non-timber forest products.
Additionally, MKSP focuses on the capacity of smallholders to adopt sustainable and climate-resilient agroecology, eventually creating a pool of skilled community professionals.
Under MKSP’s CMSA, a pilot project was started in two blocks, Chenani and Bishnah, in which 1200 Mahila Kisans were involved. 1060 Mahila Kisans have been registered on the PGS portal.
Under the Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP), another sub-program of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) aims to help rural households, including women, create businesses that help them in their financial life. elevation.
In addition, construction support is provided to all entrepreneurs supported under the Starter Villages Entrepreneurship Program through Community Resource Persons for Business Promotion (CRPEP).
JKSRLM (Umeed) under (DAY-NRLM) has a vision to reach around 9 lakhs of rural women. Most households in rural areas are engaged in agriculture, livestock and NWFPs as their main source of income. DAY-NRLM being a livelihood promotion program, it will support each family with multiple livelihoods. MKSP would engage with these poor households and help them adopt sustainable practices in agriculture, livestock practices and NWFPs, making them viable livelihoods for poor households.
The J&K government has made remarkable achievements under the SRLM and has provided training as well as financial support to various SHGs and made them self-sufficient.
Through the J&K government SRLM program, Smt. Pammi Devi and other SHG members from Block Bishnah completed a 30-day training and learned the skills to make jams, pickles, sauces, chutneys and concentrates. The training was part of JKRLM’s vision to empower rural women and thus enable them to start a lucrative life for themselves. Seeing her joy in giving meaning to her life and becoming a source of income for her family, the Mission motivated and facilitated her to start a food processing and preservation unit in Rehal in convergence with the Department of Horticulture .
Similarly, Chinta Devi, a member of the Sai Ram self-help group living in the remote Beaulian village of Block Pouni, Reasi district, is a happy fish farmer who earns a respectable living from fish farming. She received help from JKSRLM, established the fish farming unit and is currently earning a lot of money, which has improved her family’s economic situation.
Moreover, through JKSRLM, the cultivation of medicinal plants and the installation of a distillation unit in the Panchari block of Udhampur district have been initiated in convergence with the Integrative Institute of Indian Medicines (IIM), Jammu. The institute distributed free marigold herbal plants under the IIIM Aroma mission to 150 SHG members/farmers to start their farming livelihood activities. Cultivation began and to date 472.5 Kgs. of medicinal plant seeds were sold to IIIM, Jammu. The institute has also installed a distillation unit for the extraction of oil from aromatic seeds/crops.
In short, SRLM emerges as the hope for rural women as the program has brought self-sufficiency among them. The women were not only lifted out of poverty, but their status was also elevated within their own families by this mission. The mission is largely based on capacity building and strengthening community institutions by empowering rural women at different levels.